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S.D. Alfalfa Hay Production Up 29 Percent from Last Year
South Dakota Ag Connection - 08/13/2019

Based on Aug. 1 conditions, South Dakota's 2019 corn crop is forecast at 630 million bushels, down 19 percent from last year, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service. Acreage harvested for grain is estimated at 4.01 million acres, down 17 percent from a year ago. Average yield is forecast at 157 bushels per acre, down 3 bushels from last year.

Soybean production is forecast at 156 million bushels, 39 percent below last year. Area for harvest, at 3.46 million acres, is down 38 percent from 2018. Yield is forecast at 45 bushels per acre, down 1 bushel from last year.

South Dakota's 2019 winter wheat crop is forecast at 38.0 million bushels, up 20 percent from last year's crop. Harvested acreage is estimated at 730,000 acres, up 11 percent from a year ago. Average yield is forecast at 52 bushels per acre, up 4 bushels from last year.

Other spring wheat production is forecast at 36.2 million bushels, down 11 percent from last year. Harvested acreage is estimated at 770,000 acres, down 20 percent from a year ago. The yield, forecast at 47 bushels per acre, is up 5 bushels from last year.

Oat production, at 6.97 million bushels, is down 11 percent from last year. Harvested acreage is estimated at 85,000 acres, down 11 percent from a year ago. The yield is forecast at 82 bushels per acre, unchanged from last year.

Sorghum yield is forecast at 77 bushels per acre, down 3 bushels from last year. Harvested acreage is estimated at 170,000 acres, down 15 percent from a year ago. Production of 13.1 million bushels is down 18 percent from a year ago.

Alfalfa hay production is forecast at 4.86 million tons, up 29 percent from last year. Harvested acreage is estimated at 1.80 million acres, up 3 percent from 2018. Expected yield, at 2.70 tons per acre, is up 0.55 ton from last year. All other hay production is forecast at 2.61 million tons, up 29 percent from last year. Harvested acreage is estimated at 1.45 million acres, down 3 percent from a year ago. Expected yield, at 1.80 tons per acre, is up 0.45 ton from last year.

Survey respondents who reported acreage as not yet planted for corn, cotton, sorghum, and soybeans in fourteen States for the Acreage report, released June 28, 2019, were re-contacted in July. Excessive rainfall had led to planting delays and challenges at the time of the survey, leaving a portion of acres still to be planted for corn in Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; cotton in Arkansas; sorghum in Kansas; and soybeans in Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

When planting delays occur NASS has established procedures and processes in place to re-contact respondents. In addition to the updated survey information, NASS considered Farm Service Agency (FSA) certified acreage information as well as satellite-based indications of acreage to update planted and harvested acreage estimates for this report.

NASS estimates of planted area are always larger than the certified acres reported by FSA because of definitional differences and the fact that some producers do not participate in USDA programs and therefore do not report their acreage to FSA. It is also important to note that data are reported to FSA over an extended period of time, with varying due dates across the country, and is historically incomplete in early August. NASS has carefully analyzed these data for many years and has determined they normally don't become nearly complete until September for cotton and October for corn, soybeans, and sorghum. A detailed description of how NASS incorporates the FSA certified acreage information into the estimating process can be found at www.nass.usda.gov/Education_and_Outreach/Understanding_Statistics/FSA_Acreage.pdf.

Based on all of the data sources described above, planted and harvested area estimates for corn, soybeans, cotton, and sorghum were updated and included in this report. All States in the estimating program for these crops were subject to review and updating.

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